German CO2 Emissions Rise In 2015
By Paul Homewood
The greenies don’t seem very happy about Germany at the moment! From Climate Home:
Germany’s carbon dioxide emissions increased by an estimated 10 million tonnes from 2014 to 2015, in a blow to the country’s claims to climate leadership.
Higher demand for heating oil and diesel, plus use of lignite (brown coal) for power generation, were behind the 1.1% bounce, according to Green Budget Germany.
The think tank warned this set Europe’s largest economy off course for its 2020 target of a 40% cut from 1990 levels. Berlin needs to find 18% cuts in the next five years.
It is an inconvenient analysis to surface the week Germany’s foreign office hosts the Berlin Energy Transition Dialogue, an international conference to promote cooperation on clean energy.
The country has gone all out for renewables, with biomass, wind, solar and hydro accounting for nearly a third of power generation last year.
Yet a 2011 decision to phase out nuclear power within a decade, lent impetus by Japan’s Fukushima disaster, has seen dirty coal maintain a significant share of the energy mix.
As a result, progress on emissions has slowed. A decrease in 2011 was followed by increases in 2012 and 2013.
Graph by Clean Energy Wire, data from German Environment Agency (UBA) and Green Budget Germany
The government is considering plans to end coal burning by 2040 or 2050. In January, energy minister Sigmar Gabriel called for patience. He told a conference, in remarks quoted by Euractiv: “When one considers the future of coal, I would urge that you do so less from an ideological standpoint and to think more about the economic consequences.”
Those consequences include eliminating the fuel that still supplied 44% of power in 2014 and closing down lignite mines that employ thousands of Germans.
On the other hand, after 195 countries agreed a global warming pact in Paris last December, the industrialised nation is under pressure to chart a low carbon path.
Note that most of the reduction in CO2 was during the 1990s, in large part because of the shut down of obsolete East German heavy industry. There was also a drop of 8% between 2008 and 2009 as the financial crisis bit.
Moreover, it is unlikely to get any better very soon. Despite the closure of some of the older plants, nuclear power is still providing 16% of Germany’s electricity (latest available BP figures for 2014). Merkel has committed to shut down the rest of the nuclear capacity by 2022, and much of this will need to be replaced by fossil fuel.