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Mediterranean Weather In The Arctic

December 16, 2021
tags:

By Paul Homewood

 

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The highest temperature ever recorded in the Arctic, 38C (100F), has been officially confirmed, sounding "alarm bells" over Earth’s changing climate.

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) on Tuesday verified the record, reported in the Siberian town of Verkhoyansk on 20 June last year.

The temperature was 18C higher than the area’s average daily maximum for June.

The WMO, a UN agency, said the extreme heat was "more befitting the Mediterranean than the Arctic".

It is the first time the agency has included the Arctic Circle in its archive of extreme weather reports.

The WMO said the 38C temperature was measured at a meteorological station during "an exceptional and prolonged Siberian heatwave".

Last year’s extreme heat in the region contributed to the spread of wildfires, which swept across the forests and peatlands of northern Russia releasing record amounts of carbon.

While relatively common in summer months, high temperatures and strong winds made the fires unusually severe.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-59649066

 

One of the climate mafia’s favourite tricks is to prey on the public’s emotions and preconceptions.

Who could possibly imagine that you would get Mediterranean temperatures in the Arctic, for instance. After the Arctic means snow, ice and polar bears, doesn’t it?

The reality however is not what the BBC and WMO want you to know.

Summer temperatures in Siberia regularly peak at well over 30C. Although last year set a record of 38.C, the previous highest was only slightly lower at 37.3C, set as long ago as 1988.

The highest temperature this summer (not shown in the graph below) was a pretty normal figure of 33.1C, according to KNMI.

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Maximum Daily Temperatures – 1928 to 2018

https://www.ecad.eu/indicesextremes/customquerytimeseriesplots.php

And apart from the exceptional temperature last year and in 1988, there is no evidence that Siberian summers are getting hotter in overall terms.

Indeed average summer temperatures at Verkhoyansk  are no higher now than they were a century ago:

image

https://www.ecad.eu/indicesextremes/customquerytimeseriesplots.php

 

I wonder why the BBC/WMO don’t want us to know these facts?

48 Comments
  1. Phoenix44 permalink
    December 16, 2021 9:14 am

    Comparing a high to an average is fraud. You compare averages with averages and highs with highs.

    • December 16, 2021 11:03 am

      Have you paid close attention to the output of models which the B(LM)BC promote? They promote only one extreme of the uncertainty range (of course the one which suits the narrative which they impartially support).
      No credible scientist would ever present model output in such a way. Certainly if they did they would never get work again because it shows a fundamental lack of understanding of how to describe the statistical output from models. In BBC promoted climate alarm there is never mention of a P50 or the P90 case. Essentially they promote what is akin to a P1.
      When challenged they claim they are only reporting the work of scientists or researchers. This is where their weasel dictionary comes into play with words like “may” and “might” and “possibly” and “could” come into play. These are not stupid people even though it is easy to dismiss them as that. Rather, they are cold and calculated. Their fraud is measured and intentional.

      • mjr permalink
        December 16, 2021 1:51 pm

        they do the same with covid modelling. – they happily quote a worst case scenario and couch it in terms that make the gullible believe that is what will happen. A million cases! 100,000 deaths! All part of their lies and deceits

    • December 16, 2021 12:33 pm

      Phoenix44: Since the posting talks about both extreme high values and average summer temperatures and has clear graphs covering both, I don’t begin to understand your statement. Did you read the posting properly?

      The main points are clear – the 2020 maximum was only a little higher than the previous highest maximum and the average summer temperatures are only very marginally higher now than they were 100 years ago.

      The biggest increase in Siberian temperatures has been in relation to Winter minimum temperatures. Verkhoyansk shows an increase in winter mean daily minimum temperature of about 4C over the past 100 years – from -51C to -47C. That’s truly a big increase. “Global warming” has much of the warming at night in winter. Sorry if that doesn’t fit your narrative.

  2. Martin Brumby permalink
    December 16, 2021 9:37 am

    So this latest agit-prop is based (as usual) on a single peak temperature measured at a single thermometer of unknown compliance with normal standards.

    Terrifying.

    Just like the single alleged omicron death announced by Dominic Raab when he revealed (together with 250 omicron hospitalisations – which he had to later admit was actually 10, he having ‘confused’ the numbers).

    Like the Arctic 38°, a world record.
    Be afraid. Be very afraid.

    And for how long have temperatures been measured continuously at this Siberian station? Rather than once or twice a day when they felt like it?

    And what is the relevance of a single temperature, no matter how accurate, to “Climate”, computed over at least 30 years?

    • December 16, 2021 2:18 pm

      If cherrypicking gets a headline, that’s what the alarmists will do. One anomalously warm day will be enough.

  3. December 16, 2021 9:49 am

    Its not called “land of the midnight sun” for nothing, and the wind was probably bringing air from the hot interior.

  4. MrGrimNasty permalink
    December 16, 2021 10:23 am

    Similarly:

    https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-59644494

    shatter…dumping……doomsday……

    And ignore the recent prolonged exceptional cold, sea ice recovery, and other facts/indicators that don’t fit.

    They’ve also labelled it under climate change but article doesn’t mention it is actually AGW related?

  5. December 16, 2021 10:36 am

    A very useful tool for investigating these events is OGIMET, one of its options is to show archived weather data (from GSOD stations) across a country for any selected day:

    https://www.ogimet.com/gsodc.phtml.en

    In this case change the country to Russia, select the year, month (in Spanish), and day, then hit GO. The Verkhoyansk station is not in the list, but the maximum temperatures at nearby ones (a bit further North at latitude 70N) were:

    32.4C at JUBILEJNAJA
    31.0C at KJUSJUR
    31.0C at CHOKURDAH

    The higher temperature at Verkhoyansk may be related to sinking air from the nearby mountain range.

    • December 16, 2021 11:09 am

      1. All data is considered suspect until it is proven not to be. 2. There is the possibility of a thermometer which is malfunctioning or out of calibration, 3. Someone reading it without their glasses on or 4. heat contamination of the site. It certainly is extremely disingenuous of the BBC not to mention those three other sites near by. The BBC has a history of promoting outliers…. their current favourite in England right now is Heathrow. Before that it used to be a site at the mouth of the Thames Estuary which had its own private microclimate.

    • Sobaken permalink
      December 16, 2021 7:55 pm

      There is plenty of historic data available online.
      Daily temperatures:
      http://thermo.karelia.ru/weather/w_history.php?town=ver&month=7&year=1938
      Monthly averages:
      http://www.pogodaiklimat.ru/history/24266.htm
      Although of course they are merely reposting these temperature sheets on their websites, and you cannot verify any of its accuracy. The primary source is claimed to be ВНИИГМИ-МЦД (Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorology), but on their website (meteo.ru) you need to authorize to be able to access the data.

  6. Crowcatcher permalink
    December 16, 2021 10:39 am

    Off topic – Well worth having a look at Grid watch this morning – must have stopped oil production in Boris’s Saudi Arabia!!!!!!

    • MrGrimNasty permalink
      December 16, 2021 11:32 am

      As predicted, but it hasn’t gone AWOL completely yet.

      This morning at wake up time shows that the interconnectors do not help the UK at critical times; France, Holland and Belgium were being supplied by the UK.

      CCGT was doing 60% of demand, nuclear a chunk, and coal almost as much as wind – obviously solar is almost useless that time in the morning in winter and negligible all of the 8 hours of daylight too.

    • Ray Sanders permalink
      December 16, 2021 7:28 pm

      Worse still as the day has gone on. Now dark, wind and solar combined at 7.00pm were producing under 6% of demand, whilst 3% (1,100MW) was coming from Open Cycle Gas Turbines most of which actually burn “distillate oil” better known as Diesel.
      These will not be running because of a shortage of “real power” rather than to prop up a creaking grid with reactive power and general frequency management. Things are getting worse not better.

      • MrGrimNasty permalink
        December 17, 2021 9:38 am

        New morning, wind almost gone……

    • Coeur de Lion permalink
      December 17, 2021 7:56 am

      Golly aren’t we lucky it’s warm

  7. Jack Broughton permalink
    December 16, 2021 10:58 am

    After the frantic hype before FLOP-26, then the Omicron fear, the meja are struggling desperately to find ways of fanning the warming. This one and the Antarctic shelf break-away are the current “we’re all doomed” issues.

  8. Gamecock permalink
    December 16, 2021 11:01 am

    Hasty generalization fallacy.

    One data point.

  9. December 16, 2021 11:17 am

    The BBC and the WMO wouldn’t want the members of the public to realise that large continental masses in the northern hemisphere have continental climates and thus experience extremes of temperature – extremely hot in summer and extremely cold in winter.

    • Gerry, England permalink
      December 16, 2021 11:24 am

      Or putting it simply – they wouldn’t want the public to know the truth.

  10. avro607 permalink
    December 16, 2021 11:21 am

    A measured value of a temperature is classed as an intensive value,and is only relevant at that place,and at that time,nowhere else.

  11. December 16, 2021 11:38 am

    As Tony Heller, amongst others, has pointed out, a similar temperature was recorded inside the Arctic circle in Alaska over a hundred years ago. 100 degrees F (38 C) at Fort Yukon, June 27, 1915.

  12. LeedsChris permalink
    December 16, 2021 11:41 am

    The other thing the BBC missed was that 100F has been recorded within the Arctic before – more than a century ago. Fort Yukon, Alaska, is just inside the Arctic Circle, and a very similar location and climate to Verkhojansk. Fort Yukon’s hottest ever day was 100F (37.8c) on 27th June 1915! A century or more of climate crisis hasn’t beaten it!

  13. Mack permalink
    December 16, 2021 11:50 am

    In the meantime, back in the real world, Arctic sea ice extent has recently sailed over the 12 million km2 mark. I’m sure, as I write, all those super heated polar bears are flouncing around in their bikinis enjoying the ‘warmth’ of the season.

  14. dave permalink
    December 16, 2021 12:51 pm

    The BBC’s CAGW Propaganda Unit is irrelevant now, even within the BBC’s narrow world view. With the constant on-rush of exciting news about Covid-19, ANY reference to old data about ANYTHING other than medical matters will sail past the public, and sink without leaving a trace in the collective sheeple mind.

    That so many people emerge from ten years of full-time school not knowing about true climatology and not able to figure out that the sun beats down in the summer in the Arctic BECAUSE of the high latitude, is sad but not surprising.

  15. Harry Davidson permalink
    December 16, 2021 12:55 pm

    I saw this story when they published it and thought “Blimey, the Med is at -26C, who knows about this?”.

  16. europeanonion permalink
    December 16, 2021 1:20 pm

    It is only in the last couple of years that the Met Office has made any reference to the Jet Stream as a factor. Blame the winds. “The wind is in from Africa, last night I couldn’t sleep”, Joni Mitchell, a tune called ‘Carey’. A keen observer. Africa hot, Arctic cold and the determinant for us our variable winds, or as it is known commonly, weather.

    • Harry Davidson permalink
      December 16, 2021 3:06 pm

      Never trust a man who wears fancy French Cologne.

  17. chriskshaw permalink
    December 16, 2021 1:33 pm

    More rubbish for your delectation
    https://www.science.org/content/article/arctic-warming-four-times-faster-rest-world

    • MrGrimNasty permalink
      December 16, 2021 5:19 pm

      Not today (in fact most of the time recently), it’s the only region with a negative 2m surface temperature anomaly (cf 1979-2000).

  18. December 16, 2021 1:35 pm

    The plot thickens, the station VERHOJANSK (id 242660-99999) was not on the OGIMET-derived 2020/06/20 list because it had no data for that day, here is the Tmax data for the period around the heatwave:

    Latitude: 67-32-59N Longitude: 133-22-58E Altitude: 137 m.
    GSOD based Daily summary (00-24 H UTC)

    2020/06/17 29.5
    2020/06/18 31.8
    2020/06/19 34.0
    2020/06/20 —–
    2020/06/21 —–
    2020/06/22 34.5
    2020/06/23 32.9
    2020/06/24 34.0
    2020/06/25 34.8
    2020/06/26 31.2
    2020/06/27 33.6
    2020/06/28 33.8
    2020/06/29 24.6

    There are 2 stations very close to that one (ids 242630-99999 and 242610-99999), but they also have no data on 2020/06/20.

    Cue conspiracy theorists?

    • December 16, 2021 2:22 pm

      This record looks suspicious to me, based on data from a bit further South, found via “World GSOD data navigation” on OGIMET (English version). There are 2 nearby stations with solid data, which are for 20th and 21st June 2020:

      KHONU (id 243610-99999) 20th Tmax: 34.7C, 21st: 34.5C
      UST-CHARKI (id 243710-99999) 20th: 35.0C, 21st: 33.6C

      Yes it was hottest on those days, but only by a degree or two higher than the days before and after, quite typical for heatwaves. Applying the same variation in temperature to infill the missing data above gives around 36C for the peak.

    • December 18, 2021 10:50 am

      Interestingly the previous record, also set in Verhojansk on 25/07/1988, of 37.3oC does not appear on OGIMET.

      29/07/1988 27.3
      28/07/1988 —–
      27/07/1988 28.4
      26/07/1988 —–
      25/07/1988 —–
      24/07/1988 —–
      23/07/1988 30.6
      22/07/1988 32.4
      21/07/1988 29.5

  19. jimlemaistre permalink
    December 16, 2021 2:55 pm

    Through all of this . . . We forget . . . before we had thermometers . . . before most people could even write . . . Planet Earth was much, Much warmer . . . For 500 years Vikings farmed and lived and traded in Greenland . . . 50 years LONGER than Europeans have been living in North America . . . That was the middle Ages . . . What about The Roman Warming Period?

    All of us like to compare ‘recent’ climate anomalies while Nature alone, absent Human intervention . . . Absent CO2 fluctuations has brought greater destruction and calamity than ANYTHING in Written History.

    Today in what is described as ‘An Inter Glacial Period’, The Holocene, we are having a reprieve from the incessant Violence brought upon the World by Nature. Planet Earth is warm for only the second time in 250,000 years. This Warming Period permits Food Production in the Prairies, Europe and China. Places where 10 kilometers of Ice would usually stand. For little more than 10 thousand years Humanity has had it good !!

    https://www.academia.edu/49421861/CO2_Cradle_of_Life_on_Planet_Earth

    • Harry Passfield permalink
      December 16, 2021 4:38 pm

      What an interesting comment. Liked it!

    • Graeme No.3 permalink
      December 16, 2021 9:24 pm

      The Great Warming: Climate Change and the Rise and Fall of Civilizations
      by Brian M. Fagan (2008) An firm believer (then) in man-made Global Warming.
      (about warming from the 10TH to 15TH Centuries)

      Author also of The Little ICE Age which followed, a very good read.

      • jimlemaistre permalink
        December 16, 2021 10:24 pm

        I have both his books and I have read them thoroughly. Sadly, the first thing he does in his preamble is to be an apologist to Environmentalists and joining their momentum acknowledging ‘Human Cause. for our current Climate Change.

        Had he studied, as I do, the cooling periods and their linkage to Volcanoes above VEI 6 and their dramatic effect driving Global Cooling he would then have realized that warming periods are what I call ‘The Return to The Norm of Warm’.

        The Dark Ages Cooling Period

        A new era to end those “Glory Days” of Roman superiority in the known world. You guessed it . . . Volcanoes. This time two Colossal Volcanoes on opposite sides of the Pacific Ocean erupted more or less at the same time (in planetary terms). First the notorious Indonesian Volcano, Krakatoa erupted as a VEI 7 volcano. Early Chinese reports of this Eruption have been confirmed. Then, more or less in the same year, Ilopango in El Salvador, Central America, Erupted as a VEI 6.9 volcano. Documentary evidence clearly demonstrates that the years 435 and 436 would launch the worst natural Climactic Disruption in 10,000 years. Global changes resulting from the Environmental Catastrophe affected Humans from Mongolia to Constantinople, Greenland to Antarctica which precipitated plague, famine and widespread death from starvation and disease.

        Great migrations and tumultuous events ensued which brought on the fall of the great Mexican city of Teotihuacan, the Anglo-Saxon victory over the Celts and the rise of the unified peoples of China. If one Volcano, Tambora, registering 7 on the VEI index brought Volcanic Winter to the summer of 1816, just imagine the consequences of two in the same year . . . A quote in shivering detail is ascribed to Cassiodorus by Rampino et al. “the Sun . . . seems to have lost its wonted light, and appears of a blush color. We marvel to see no shadows of our bodies at noon, to feel the mighty vigour of the Sun’s heat wasted into feebleness, and the phenomena which accompanies an eclipse prolonged through almost a whole year. We have had . . . a summer without heat . . . the crops have been chilled by north winds . . . the rain is denied . . .”

        – The plague of Justinian wiped out 25% of the population of the known world and
        50% of the citizens of Rome (the first known version of the Bubonic Plague)
        – There were 7 years of crop failures
        – Empires around the world fell
        – In places drought destroyed the land and the crops
        – In others torrential rains and floods brought chaos and death
        – Tree ring growth did not return to normal for 15 years
        – Even the Nile and the Black Sea were known to have frozen over
        – Temperatures took up to 30 years to return to normal
        – The “Bavarian hordes” descended from northern European countries in search of food
        and arable land.
        – Armies were able to cross the frozen Rhyne River and defeat the Romans in their
        encampments to the east without using the heavily fortified bridges to get there.
        – The Avar, a horse-based tribe of Mongols moved west through the mountains to
        Carpathia to challenge what was left of the Romans to the East.
        – Mass graves first for the starving and then for the plague ridden are to be found
        throughout the known civilized world.
        – In China ‘yellow dust rained like snow’ . . . The following year crops were ruined by snow
        in August

        So, this was the beginning of what we now call The Dark Ages Cooling Period. At its height the cooling was known to cause freezing of the Nile in 829 and The Black Sea (a Salt Lake) in 800 and 801 AD. (Pidwirny, 2006). These two volcanoes, Ilopango and Krakatoa, each were equal to Tambora in 1815. Together they had more than double the Climatological effect and would last more than twice as long . . . it has a logarithmic effect on Global Climate. So changed was our Planet at this time, that Humanity would take hundreds of years to recover socially, politically and culturally. Lead poisoning, the plague and famine had taken the stuffing out of the intelligencia of a world that had so flourished but a decade before. Beyond the Human toll no reference is ever made as to the status of Wildlife under these conditions . . . the word bleak is all that comes to mind.

        The Little Ice Age

        Another 500-year period of substantial Global Cooling. Once again, in the 1450’s, two Volcanoes rating VEI 6 erupting in relatively the same time frame. First eruption X in 1453; some suggest it could have been the notorious Krakatoa, again. The second was Kuwae (usually considered first), part of the island nation of Vanuatu, in 1457 just three years later. Analysis of these volcanoes is strictly from ice core data because they pre date written records and European exploration. They both show up in ice core samples extracted from Antarctica and Greenland. Predating these two however, is a recently identified Indonesian volcano dating from 1258 called Samalas in the Rinjani Volcanic Complex. It was a VEI 7, but has been described as what might have been the largest single eruption in the last 10,000 years. Again, famine, starvation and severe weather were being reported worldwide. This eruption was but a precursor for the environmental tragedy yet to come.

        This time, a stream of colossal volcanoes over a period of nearly 700 years kept the world suppressed under sharply lower temperatures and covering the planet in Glaciers in places not seen in 1000 years. In the Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres vol. 118 Jihong Cole-Dai et al. suggest that “the most prominent century-scale climactic episode in the last 1000 years is likely The Little Ice Age”. Here is the list of consecutive VEI 6 or greater volcanoes that we are aware of in that 700-year period. 16 all together.

        Samalas, Philippines 1258 – 7, 1280 Quilotoa, Ecuador – 6, Unknown (Krakatoa?) 1453 – 6, Kuwae, Vanuatu 1457 – 6, 1477 Baroarbunga, Iceland, – 6, 1580 Billy Mitchell, New Guinea – 6, 1600 Huaynaputina, Peru, – 6, 1660 Santorini, Greece, – 6, 1660 long Island, New Guinea, – 6, 1783 Laki, Iceland – 6+, 1809 unknown south America – 6, 1815 Tambora, Indonesia – 7, 1835, Cosiguina, Nicaragua – 6, 1883, Krakatoa, Indonesia – 6, 1902, Santa Maria, Guatemala, – 6, 1912, Novarupta, Alaska – 6.

        That is 14 – VEI 6 volcanoes, and 2 – VEI 7’s. Just to add a little more emphasis to the climatological effects of Volcanoes, in or around the years where these Volcanoes erupted the following civilizations disappeared. Easter Island, The Great Zimbabwe, The Myan civilization and the Vikings of Greenland. The cumulative effect of Volcanic activity is enormous. The cooling peaked in1750. Slowly but surly by the mid 1950’s the cooling trend seemed to be over and the climate seemed to be returning to normal. At that time there was even a little temperature spike which, as we know, is continuing today.

        After such a protracted cooling trend, the worst in 1,000 years, why should the temperatures not rise? Dramatically even, as they are now? In the two previous Warming Periods the World was much warmer and for much longer, so why not now? Since 1950 there has only been 65 years or so of Natural Warming, we may still have 400 more years to go in this cycle, if we are in a new Warming Period. Knowing that glaciers once receded all over the world to heights 1200’ higher than what we see today, why is it not normal for them to recede just as far now? When Volcanoes heat the Ocean’s Currents from below, this Natural Warming must NOT be deemed Man-Made. What behooves Humanity to ascribe such blame to self?

        For the period between 950 and 1450 Humanity and the Scientific community can only extrapolate what conditions may have been like for the inhabitants of our World

        Pages 33 – 37 . . . The Environmentalist and The Neanderthal

        https://www.academia.edu/45570971/The_Environmentalist_and_The_Neanderthal

  20. Martin Brumby permalink
    December 16, 2021 3:06 pm

    Perhaps this station was surrounded by the forest fire?

  21. John Hultquist permalink
    December 16, 2021 5:32 pm

    106 k north of not having a story!

    Earth science textbooks (like Intro to Physical Geography) of 50+ years ago had photos of people scantly clothed from such places in summer. That is when folks studied the concept that climates is plural and not as a single global temperature.

  22. Tim Spence permalink
    December 16, 2021 6:10 pm

    I think they’re mistaking weather for climate, 1 day = weather, 1000 days = weather centuries = climate.

  23. jimlemaistre permalink
    December 16, 2021 6:24 pm

    Well Said !!

  24. December 16, 2021 6:44 pm

    People won’t know what Mediterranean weather is 🙄

    DECEMBER 16, 2021

    No more Ibiza? 56 to 65% of beach area in the Balearic Islands will be permanently lost due to the climate crisis
    https://phys.org/news/2021-12-ibiza-beach-area-balearic-islands.html

    • December 16, 2021 9:44 pm

      What are they talking about, everybody knows the build up of nano plastics will more than account for any erosion, FOE told me this.

  25. jimlemaistre permalink
    December 16, 2021 7:28 pm

    So much angst about things humans know so little about . . . So The African Continent is pushing up into Eurasia . . . All the Islands in the Mediterranean are the result . . . Ten years, 100 years or even 1,000 years only scratches the surface of Climate Change . . . Real Climate Change. Look at the History of Mediterranean Volcanoes . . . Climate Change . . . Global Climate Change going back 150,000 years and beyond. Volcanoes of The Mediterranean are among the Most Cataclysmic to be found on Earth.

    Santorini Greece 1600 BC ended the Minoans. Vesuvius even or The Phlegraean Fields of Italy. You want to talk about Climate Change. OK . . . Check out a few Volcanoes for a lesson or two . . . Try an easy one . . . Mt Tambora 1815 . . . Humanity and burning Fossil Fuels can’t even light a candle in the shadow of these monsters when it comes to Climate Change . . . History before 1750 when the steam engine was invented needs some relevance. Real History not just hype from scare mongers that have us all running for the Exits.

    https://www.academia.edu/51184433/Climate_Change_For_the_21_st_Century

  26. 2hmp permalink
    December 17, 2021 12:20 pm

    As I understand it OFCOM’s instruction to the BBC is that it is not obliged to give any air time to anything that conflicts with the ‘consensus’ about man made global warming.

  27. December 17, 2021 3:39 pm

    Careful Arctic and Siberia are not interchangeable
    Siberia on its own would be the world’s largest country
    and much of it lies south of the Arctic circle
    I was two weeks on the route of the Trans Siberian
    near Baikal I was wearing T-shirt and shorts yet still saw the odd pocket of snow in shaded valleys

  28. December 17, 2021 3:50 pm

    BTW Friday’s weather here in Scunthorpe is Arctic
    Just a I was thinking what an extraordinary sunny morning it was was, at 11am the mist came in from the south
    and much of the frost on the lawn is till there as sunset comes.

    Opposite of yesterday where clear skies meant it was still light after 4pm.

  29. December 17, 2021 6:31 pm

    A comparison of June and July 2020 daily maximum temperatures in this region, with the missing data of 20/21 June set to the claimed record of 38C. It looks suspicious, but it may be that this town is especially hot in certain heatwave weather patterns:

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