Have they not realised that Vattenfall are not doing this out of the kindness of their hearts?
The Çhinese say the target is not mandatory, and that offshore costs double onßhore.
Meanwhile, developers call for bigger subsidies!
So that’s alright then.
By Paul Homewood
The Climate Stations website also has long term data for San Francisco, San Diego and Los Angeles.
A look at the rainfall stats makes interesting reading:
It is evident that the sort of dry spells seen in recent years are actually pretty commonplace in the longer record.
By Paul Homewood
Yesterday we looked at snowfall trends in New York. Climate Stations also have the same chart for Chicago:
As with New York, we find that there is nothing unusual about snowfall totals in recent years.
In Chicago’s case, it appears that the 1960s and 70s were worst affected.
The Climate Stations website also tells us:
1) 1871 – Prelude to Great Fire of 8-10 October, just 3.70” precipitation between 4 July and 8 October, 35% of average and driest such calendar period in all history down to present.
2) 1875 – Coldest year in all Chicago history down to present, also coolest Summer (June-August) and Fall (September-November).
3) Which was followed two years later by:
1877-78 – “Year Without a Winter” – Warmest winter (December-February) in all Chicago history down to present by 1.5 F, and warmest December-March by nearly 3 F
4) 1879-80 – Great gyrating warm and cold spells from late-September through year-end 1879. January 1880 the warmest in Chicago history down to the present day (by more than 3 F)
5) 1896 – Snowiest February in Chicago history (27.8”)
6) 1918 – 42.5” snow in January, most ever for single calendar month in Chicago history
7) 1921 – Warmest year in Chicago history
8) 1930– 90 F on 10-11 April, earliest 90 F daily maxima ever recorded in Chicago; 75 F on 19 November, warmest ever so late in season
9) 1934 – 102 F on 31 May; 105 F on 24 July (highest ever recorded at Chicago ‘official’ station)
10) 1950 – 67 F on 25 January, highest ever in calendar month January. Also 84 F on Halloween and 81 F on 1 November, but –1 F and –2 F on 23-24 November, respectively, earliest subzero readings in Chicago history.
11) 1951 – Snowiest December (33.3”) in Chicago history down to present.
12) 1955 – Warmest summer (June-August) in all Chicago history down to present; also warmest calendar month (July: 81.3 F). April also warmest in Chicago climatic history
13) 1962 – Driest year (22.22”) in Chicago history down to present.
14) 1967 – Great 23-inch snowstorm over 26-27 January; 27-inch snow depth in early February
15) 1976-77 – Great thermal anomaly “flip-flop” between successive four-month periods: October-January coldest such period on record, February-May the warmest on record. January coldest calendar month in Chicago history (10.1 F)
And all this extreme weather happened in the good old days, before we had global warming!
By Paul Homewood
Another of the myths perpetuated by alarmists is that winter snowfalls are getting heaver because of a warmer, moister atmosphere. (And yes, it was another one peddled by Paul Douglas in the Guardian recently).
It is fortunate then that we have that Climate Stations website, which archives so much old data.
We looked at their records for Minneapolis, but they also have stuff for New York City, including this chart for snowfall:
It is easy just to look back to around 1970, and see a trend that does not exist. This is a common trick that warmists use.
But a look at the full period shows the true story, one which does not support the alarmist agenda.
By Paul Homewood
I mentioned the long term weather records for Minneapolis a while ago, which have been carefully researched and archived by the Climate Stations website.
Amongst other things, they have this archive of annual weather reports, many of which highlight some of the extreme weather of the time. The list runs from 1820 to 1869, and are based on contemporary newspaper reports.
What is noticeable is that pretty much every year has some sort of extreme weather, not that they used the term in those days.
Each year links to the reports:
DECADAL AND YEAR-BY-YEAR NARRATIVE SUMMARIES
- The 1820’s – Cool First Half, Warmer Second with Closing Drought.
- 1820 – Cool, Sharp Seasonal Transitions.
- 1821 – Cold Winter & Spring, Uneven Summer Heat.
- 1822 – Late Spring & Early Autumn Frosts, June Deluges, Historic December Cold.
- 1823 – Incoming Winter & Summer Temperature Extremes, Droughty Spells.
- 1824 – Cool Spring/Early Summer, Mild December.
- 1825 – Exceptionally Mild Winter/Early Spring.
- 1826 – Backward April with a Great Flood, but Unseasonable May Heat.
- 1827 – Mild Winter & Spring, Very Warm Late Summer.
- 1828 – A Trend to Drought after Mid-Year.
- 1829 – “The Dry Year”.
- The 1830’s – Warm and Dry First Half, Colder and Wetter Second.
- 1830 – Continued Dry, Oppressive July, Abnormally Warm October/November.
- 1831 – Dry with Late & Early Frosts, Bitter December.
- 1832 – Contrasting Winter Temperatures, Mild Spring & Fall.
- 1833 – More Relative Warmth and Dryness.
- 1834 – Continued Mostly Warm, Wet Summer.
- 1835 – Unseasonably Cool After Mid-Year.
- 1836 – Backward Early Spring, Cool Late Summer & Fall.
- 1837 – Cool Spring & Early Summer, Wet Autumn.
- 1838 – Temperature Extremes, Wet Summer.
- 1839 – Warmest Year to Date.
- The 1840’s– Abnormal Cold Lapses, “Open” Winters.
- 1840 – Warm and Dry First Half, Cool and Wetter Second.
- 1841 – Premature Spring Heat, Very Cold Early Autumn.
- 1842 – More Abnormal Cold Lapses. – Coldest June and November in history
- 1843 – Coldest Year in History. – Also Coldest March and October
- 1844 – High Waters in Spring, Late Spring and Early Autumn Killing Frosts.
- 1845 – Much Warmer.
- 1846 – Warmest Recorded Year of Nineteenth Century (tie with 1878).
- 1847 – Much Cooler, Dry Winter & Fall.
- 1848 – Abnormally Cold after Mid-Summer.
- 1849 – Long Cold Winter, Heavy Spring & Summer Rains.
- The 1850’s – Cold Winters, Occasionally Droughty Summers.
- 1850 – Heavy Winter Snows, Spring & Summer Floods.
- 1851 – Forward Spring, Unseasonably Lingering Heat in September.
- 1852 – Colder, Very Dry and Abbreviated Growing Season.
- 1853 – Drawn Out Winter, Wetter Growing Season.
- 1854 – Bitter January, Mild Spring & Fall, Hot Summer.
- 1855 – Heavy Winter Snows, Dry Growing Season.
- 1856 – Another Severe Winter, Dry Summer.
- 1857 – Deep Winter Snows, Backward Spring, Dry Mid-Summer.
- 1858 – January Rains, Early Spring Breakup, Hot Early Summer.
- 1859 – Cool, June Floods.
- The 1860’s – Coldest Decade in All History, Precipitation Extremes.
- 1860 – Early Spring Breakup, Favorable Growing Season.
- 1861 – Backward Spring with Floods, Cool Summer.
- 1862 – Severe Winter, More Spring Floods, Fall Drought Signs.
- 1863 – Drought, Summer Frosts.
- 1864 – Continued Drought.
- 1865 – Heavy Summer Rains Break the Drought.
- 1866 – Abnormal Spells and Deadly Storms.
- 1867 – A Year of “Freshets”.
- 1868 – Forward Spring, Sweltering July, Dismal Fall.
- 1869 – Torrential August and September Rains.
Just to pick a couple of years at random:
By Paul Homewood
Amidst all the talk of people dying in heatwaves, we need to remember that many, many more people die of the cold than the heat.
This is self evident in the UK, where the ONS routinely calculate excess winter deaths each year. They never count summer ones, as that is when death rates are lowest.
But what is maybe less well known is that the same applies even in hot countries, as this study published in the Lancet last year showed:
Cold weather is 20 times as deadly as hot weather, and it’s not the extreme low or high temperatures that cause the most deaths, according to a study published Wednesday.
The study — published in the British journal The Lancet — analyzed data on more than 74 million deaths in 13 countries between 1985 and 2012. Of those, 5.4 million deaths were related to cold, while 311,000 were related to heat.
Because the study included countries under different socio-economic backgrounds and with varying climates, it was representative of temperature-related deaths worldwide, the study said. The sharp distinction between heat- and cold-related deaths is because low temperatures cause more problems for the body’s cardiovascular and respiratory systems, it added.
"Public-health policies focus almost exclusively on minimizing the health consequences of heat waves," Gasparrini said. "Our findings suggest that these measures need to be refocused and extended to take account of a whole range of effects associated with temperature."
This report backs up a U.S. study last year from the National Center for Health Statistics, which found that cold kills more than twice as many Americans as heat.
Of course, we can’t get away without any mention of climate change, with the US Today article concluding:
The most recent study doesn’t project what its findings could mean for the future, particularly with climate change warming much of the globe over the next century.
"Extrapolating the results of this study for this purpose would only provide speculations not based on evidence," Gasparrini said. However, he has received a grant from the United Kingdom to study that and hopes "we will answer this question soon," he said.
Where there’s money, there’s a way!
And why am I not surprised to discover that it is the UK that wants to waste money on the exercise?
A Greenpeace study reveals what the feted Paris Climate Agreement implies for the German public. If implemented, Germany will be unrecognizable in a few years.
An excellent summary from Tony Lodge, of the Centre for Policy Studies
By Paul Homewood
Takafumi Kakudo, director of the clean coal division at the Japanese ministry of economy, trade and industry has stated in an interview, “It is not realistic to quit coal entirely.”
Kakudo was responding to questions as to why Japan was not being deterred from its coal power programme in the face of the global deal to curb coal in Paris in December.
“Environmental aspects alone can’t dictate the way countries set their energy policies,” Kakudo said, who added that Japan will help developing countries adopt the best available technologies for coal-fired power plants.
The country believes helping developing nations around the word to develop more efficient coal-fired plants will lead to reduced carbon dioxide emissions. The nation’s financing of coal-fired projects is also helping to improve energy security in countries that still rely on the cheap fuel, officials say.
Asian countries such as India and Indonesia are planning to add more coal capacity to meet growing power demand. Japanese companies such as Toshiba Corp. have plans to supply equipment to such coal-fired plants, while the state-owned Japan Bank for International Cooperation has provided loans for projects abroad.
“We want to make our contribution so these countries can reduce emissions,” Kakudo said, adding that Japan is also ready to provide support for gas-fired power projects.
The government has been promoting exports of technologies for coal- and gas-fired power. In a set of infrastructure export strategies adopted in May, the government said it will push for energy-related infrastructure such as high-efficiency thermal power plants and equipment to remove air pollutants.
Japan plans to continue relying on coal-fired power plants at home, too. It has plans for 48 projects totalling about 23 GW in various stages of development.
An extra 23 GW of coal fired capacity would be capable of supplying around 16% of Japan’s electricity, about half the amount generated by nuclear prior to Fukushima.